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【GO-Micro】hystrix熔断及dashboard展示

github完整代码地址

hystrix-go

hystrix是Netflix开源的一个JAVA项目,不过GitHub也有golang的实现版本hystrix-go

hystrix-dashboard

hystrix并没有自带一个仪表盘,无法直观的查看接口的健康状况。所以,我们采用GitHub的一个开源实现hystrix-dashboard。

docker run --name hystrix-dashboard -d -p 8081:9002 mlabouardy/hystrix-dashboard:latest

micro API网关插件

关于hystrix的工作原理,可以查阅相关资料,这里只讲解如何封装插件在micro API网关中使用。

err := hystrix.Do("my_command", func() error {
	// talk to other services
	return nil
}, nil)

使用hystrix.Do() 同步API,第一个参数是command, 应该是与当前请求一一对应的一个名称,如入“GET-/test”。第二个参数传入一个函数,函数包含我我们自己的错误逻辑,当请求失败时应该返回error。hystrix会根据我们的失败率执行熔断策略。

封装Handler

// BreakerWrapper hystrix breaker
func BreakerWrapper(h http.Handler) http.Handler {
	return http.HandlerFunc(func(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
		name := r.Method + "-" + r.RequestURI
		log.Println(name)
		err := hystrix.Do(name, func() error {
			sct := &status_code.StatusCodeTracker{ResponseWriter: w, Status: http.StatusOK}
			h.ServeHTTP(sct.WrappedResponseWriter(), r)

			if sct.Status >= http.StatusBadRequest {
				str := fmt.Sprintf("status code %d", sct.Status)
				log.Println(str)
				return errors.New(str)
			}
			return nil
		}, nil)
		if err != nil {
			log.Println("hystrix breaker err: ", err)
			return
		}
	})
}
...
// 注册插件
plugin.Register(plugin.NewPlugin(
		plugin.WithName("breaker"),
		plugin.WithHandler(
			hystrix.BreakerWrapper,
		),
	))
...

在 hystrix.Do 中,首先执行 h.ServeHTTP,该函数返回后,即请求执行完成。我们判断HTTP状态码,如果大于StatusBadRequest,则认为这次请求失败,返回一个错误,hystrix会收集错误,如果错误率达到某个阀值,就会触发断路器。
在做实验时,可以直接在main函数里设置hystrix的几个默认配置参数,方便看效果

// hystrix-go/hystrix/settings.go

	// DefaultTimeout is how long to wait for command to complete, in milliseconds
	DefaultTimeout = 1000
	// DefaultMaxConcurrent is how many commands of the same type can run at the same time
	DefaultMaxConcurrent = 10
	// DefaultVolumeThreshold is the minimum number of requests needed before a circuit can be tripped due to health
	DefaultVolumeThreshold = 20
	// DefaultSleepWindow is how long, in milliseconds, to wait after a circuit opens before testing for recovery
	DefaultSleepWindow = 5000
	// DefaultErrorPercentThreshold causes circuits to open once the rolling measure of errors exceeds this percent of requests
	DefaultErrorPercentThreshold = 50

hystrix-go库还提供为每个commond动态设置配置的接口,我们可以通过这个接口结合配置中心,动态调节服务。

hystrix.ConfigureCommand("my_command", hystrix.CommandConfig{
	Timeout:               1000,
	MaxConcurrentRequests: 100,
	ErrorPercentThreshold: 25,
})

接入hystrix-dashboard

docker run --name hystrix-dashboard -d -p 8081:9002 mlabouardy/hystrix-dashboard:latest

打开 http://localhost:8081/hystrix , 输入 http://{ip}:81/hystrix.stream , 此处ip为本机ip,因为hystrix-dashboard是容器启动的,无法直接访问本机127.0.0.1。

Enable dashboard metrics
In your main.go, register the event stream HTTP handler on a port and launch it in a goroutine. Once you configure turbine for your Hystrix Dashboard to start streaming events, your commands will automatically begin appearing.

hystrixStreamHandler := hystrix.NewStreamHandler()
hystrixStreamHandler.Start()
go http.ListenAndServe(net.JoinHostPort("", "81"), hystrixStreamHandler)

image.png


标题:【GO-Micro】hystrix熔断及dashboard展示
作者:Allenxuxu
地址:https://www.mogutou.xyz/articles/2019/06/20/1561018626474.html
Github: https://github.com/Allenxuxu
转载请注明出处